TitleIntegrating background musical knowledge in a CBR system for generating expressive musical performances
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsArcos JLluis, de Mántaras RLópez, Serra X
Conference NameAAAI'98 Workshop on CBR Integrations
PublisherAAAI Press

This paper briefly describes a system called SaxEx, capable of generating expressive musical performances based on examples. We have done several recordings of a tenor sax expressively playing Jazz ballads. These recordings are analyzed, using spectral modelling techniques, to extract information related to five expressive parametres. The results of this analysis, together with the score, constitute the set of examples (cases) of the case-based component of SaxEx. From these examples, plus background musical knowledge based on Narmour's implication/realization theory of music perception and Lerdahl and Jackendoff's generative theory of tonal music understanding (GTTM), SaxEx is able to infer a set of expressive transformations to apply to any given input sound file containing an expressive musical phrase of another ballad. Finally, SaxEx uses its spectral synthesis capabilities to actually apply the inferred transformations to the input sound file resulting in an expressive sound file at the output.